Georgia, 1973 - HB 859
A bill that states that any school that teaches the theory of evolution shall give equal time to "special creation."
On February 22, 1973, Representative Toles introduced House Bill No. 859. This bill was referred to the Committee on Education. Although read a second time on February 23, 1973, H. B. No. 859 was not presented for further consideration by the House of Representatives.
HOUSE BILL NO. 859
A BILL TO BE ENTITLED
To assure academic freedom by requiring the teaching and presentation of special creation in public schools if the theory of evolution is taught; to provide for definitions; to provide for requirements for subject matter, curricula, course guides, course outlines, and other administrative curricular matter; to provide for textbooks and teaching materials; to provide an effective date; to repeal conflicting laws; and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the General Assembly of Georgia:
Section 1. As used in this Act:
(a) "Theory of evolution" shall mean the belief the present processes, acting essentially as at present, suffice to explain the past history of the cosmos, including its assumed evolutionary development from primeval chaos into its present form. The origin and development of the elements, the galaxy, the solar system, of life, or all the species of plants and animals, the origin of man, and the origin of all things are included in this cosmology. Matter or energy, or both, in some form are assumed to be eternal, so that there has never been any real creation of anything ex nihilo, as used in this definition.
(b) "Special creation" shall mean the belief that there was a time in the past when all matter, energy and life , and their processes and relationships were created ex nihilo and fixed by Divine power.
Section 2. With respect to lectures, visual aids, textbooks, other prepared subject matter, curricula, course guides, course outlines and other administrative curricular matter, references to any theory of evolution shall be presented only with reference to special creation which are equal in content and in context.
Section 3. The provisions of Section 2 of this Act shall apply to all schools within the State which receive federal. State or local public funds for their support, or for the support of any part of their curricula.
Section 4. Nothing in this Act shall be construed as a control on discussion. Nothing in this Act shall be construed so as to prevent the use of dual textbooks or teaching materials, or both, to achieve the equal content requirements of this Act.
Section 5. This Act shall become effective on July 1, 1973, and shall be applicable to all presentations of the theory of evolution and special creation beginning with the start of the 1973-1974 school year.
Section 6. All laws and parts of laws in conflict with this Act are hereby repealed.